• Marsh = An area of soft, wet, low-lying land, characterized by grassy vegetation and often forming a transition zone between water and land. Swamp = A seasonally flooded bottomland with more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog. Bog = An area having a wet, spongy, acidic substrate composed chiefly of sphagnum moss and peat in which characteristic shrubs and herbs and sometimes trees usually grow. From
  • Swamps are wetlands characterized by the presence of TREES growing on silty to organic muck soils. They usually occur along RIVER floodplains and in poorly drained basins. Swamps are often inundated seasonally, or remain continually flooded. On the other hand, marshes are treeless wetland where lush growths of herbaceous plants (eg, GRASSES, SEDGES, reeds and CATTAILS) predominate.

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