ANSWERS: 2
  • It depends on the plant, but typically after photosynthesis, if the monomeric sugars (glucose etc) produced are not immediately transported out of the chloroplast and utilized by the plant, it is stored as starch within the chloroplasts. This is not necessarily excess sugar, because some plants need the starch stored in the chloroplasts so they can mobilize it at night to drive celluar functions. However, some plants such as the Snowdrop never store any starch.
  • I thought it was cellulose, however it's been a long time since I sat in a botany class.

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