• Mt. Lebanon was probably the first permanent settlement in what is now Bienville Parish, LouisianaBienville Parish. Its settlerpioneers were Baptists from South Carolina who quickly established a church and school. The school became Mount Lebanon University in 1853, but closed during the American Civil WarCivil War to serve as a high school and a Confederate States of Americaconfederate hospital. After the war the school was moved to Pineville, Louisiana and became Louisiana College. The Mount Lebanon Baptist Church was organized in 1837, and the Louisiana Baptist Convention was established there in 1848. One of the Baptist organizers in Mount Lebanon was pastor George Washington Baines, maternal great-grandfather of future U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The church building is still in use. The sanctuary is separated down the middle, men would sit on one side of the divide, women on the other. There is a balcony where the slaves were seated. There are eight houses in the town that are on the National Register of Historic Places, including a building once used as a stage coach stop and hotel. After the railroad was built through Gibsland, Louisiana Gibsland, three miles north, Mt. Lebanon began to decline in population and economic opportunity. The post office there was decommissioned in the 1950s. Source:

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