• Type 2 diabetes is a condition that results from the body not properly producing insulin, not properly responding to insulin or both. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas and allows the cells to absorb glucose, turning it into energy. When the body is unable to do so, blood sugar levels are affected.


    Type 2 diabetics should consume 50 percent of their daily 1,600 calorie count diet from carbohydrates. .

    Sources of Carbohydrates

    The main sources of carbohydrates in the diet come from fruit, milk and starch. Vegetables and meats contain very low percentages of carbohydrates.

    Measuring Carbohydrates

    Most patients round their carbohydrates. For example, one serving of starch, milk or fruit would be rounded to 15 g of carbohydrates, or one serving of carbohydrate. Three servings of vegetables would contain 15 g of carbohydrates, while each meal and snack will consist of a specific total number of grams of carbohydrate.

    Carbohydrate Ratio in the Diet

    Each gram of carbohydrates constitutes four calories. A Type 2 diabetic patient on a 1,600 calorie count daily diet should get 50 percent of those calories from carbohydrates. At 15 g an exchange, this equals about 13 exchanges of carbohydrates each day.

    Controlling Type 2 Diabetes

    Constant monitoring of blood sugar levels must be done by the patient as well as eating a nutritional diet and exercising daily.


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