• Henry Chadwick (1824-1908) was one of the first journalists interested in writing seriously about baseball. He devised a shorthand with which to take notes on the games, and he needed the letter "S" for "sacrifice." So used "K" for "strike" -- probably because it's the last letter of "struck," which was the more common word then. He also invented many of the abbreviations used in baseball, and the system of numbers that signify positions. Chadwick was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1938. His plaque reads: "Baseball's preeminent pioneer writer for half a century. Inventor of the box score. Author of the first rule-book in 1858. Chairman of rules committee in first nation-wide baseball organization."

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