• The phenomenon that you ask about is related to the specific heat capacity of the material. When a material can hold a lot of heat energy, the material will warm up slowly and loose temperature at the same rate. Things with a lower capacity to store heat, will warm up and cool faster. A good analogy would be the difference between a one quart pan and a 5 gallon pail. If you try to fill each one with a steady stream of water, you will fill the smaller pan first. Drill a hole in each after they are full and they will both drain at the same rate, but the smaller one will empty first. In this analogy, the water is like a quantity of heat energy (Q) and the container volume is the specific heat (C) of the material being heated.
  • Definition of THERMAL INERTIA. : the degree of slowness with which the temperature of a body approaches that of its surroundings and which is dependent upon its absorptivity, its specific heat, its thermal conductivity, its dimensions, and other factors.
  • 'Hydrogen-containing polar molecules like ethanol, ammonia, and water have powerful, intermolecular hydrogen bonds when in their liquid phase. These bonds provide another place where heat may be stored as potential energy of vibration, even at comparatively low temperatures. Hydrogen bonds account for the fact that liquid water stores nearly the theoretical limit of 3 R per mole of atoms, even at relatively low temperatures (i.e. near the freezing point of water).' Source:
  • 1-25-2017 It only depends on the mass of water, quantity of heat, and details of energy transfer. Check this flick at 1:17. The water condenses into a cloud and then evaporates as fast as the plane flies through it. The cloud does not move. The same thing happens over mountains, making clouds that look like flying saucers.

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