• Countries that believe that they can win a war are far less likely to agree to peace. Countries that have more to gain (or lose) from a war are more likely (or less likely) to take aggression. For example, 1930's Germany was in dire economic straits, just had a fair percentage of their territory (and natural resources) taken away, and truly believed that they had the technological superiority to take over the world. On top of that, Germany was expected to pay reparations for WWI that were economically impossible for them to afford, especially during a worldwide economic depression. So WW2 was nearly inevitable as soon as soon as Hitler militarized the Rhineland.

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