• Cervical cancer is a common type of cancer that affects a woman's cervix, which is part of the reproductive system. The primary cause of cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted infection called the human papillomavirus.


    According to the National Cancer Institute, there were 11,270 new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed in the U.S. in 2009. There were 4,070 deaths related to cervical cancer.


    In the initial stages, cervical cancer does not cause any symptoms, which is why it is mostly diagnosed in latter stages. Symptoms include bleeding after sex or between periods, pain during sex, and foul-smelling discharge from the vagina.


    Between 80 and 90 percent of all cervical cancers are squamos cell carcinomas. Adenocarcinomas affect the glandular cells in the cervix. Only rarely does cervical cancer affect both squamos and glandular cells.

    Risk Factors

    Risk factors that increase a woman's likelihood of developing cervical cancer include promiscuity, having sex at a young age, a weak immune system, STDs, and smoking.


    According to the American Cancer Society, 71 percent of women with cervical cancer survive for at least five years after diagnosis. Many live much longer.


    Mayo Clinic: Cervical Cancer

    National Cancer Institute: Cervical Cancer

    American Cancer Society: What Are the Key Statistics About Cervical Cancer?

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