• Lady Justice originates from the personification of Justice in Ancient Roman art known as Iustitia or Justitia, who is equivalent to the Greek goddess Dike. In ancient Egypt she was Maat (truth). In the US the capital building meaning head, has the Goddess Minerva/Athena on top she is the personification of Wisdom.
  • It's the influence of classical art, which in turn was influenced by classical Paganism and language. In Latin, the word "Justice" is feminine in gender, and so (naturally) Roman personifications of justice were also feminine. In a sort of reverse association, the Latin word "libertas" apparently originated from the Roman goddess Libertas. That is: in this second case the named goddess pre-existed the word. Apparently the Romans adopted this goddess from the Greeks (as they did so many others), which explains why the goddess pre-dates the Roman name and associated word. *** In all of the nations you mention, classical Roman art had an extremely heavy influence on art / architecture there. I'm not so sure about Hong Kong...I guess the British possession of it for so many years is what led to classical depictions of Justice and Liberty.
  • A woman in her essence is a gift to the world.

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