ANSWERS: 5
  • it makes me pee a hell of a lot more!
  • it removes the inhibition to use the facilities, and not the great outdoors
  • It takes away your ability to control not only urinating but bowel movements of you are intoxicated enough, it can also damage the liver and kidneys and effects your levels of ADH in the system. Alcohol is a diuretic and lowers the levels of this hormone which is why you need to pee more.
  • 'Urinary system The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located at the small of the back near the spinal column. The left kidney sits slightly higher than the right one. The size of an adult kidney is approximately 4 inches (10 centimeters) long and 2 inches (5 centimeters) wide. To maintain human life, it is necessary for at least one of the kidneys to function properly. Blood carries waste products to the kidneys via the renal artery. Inside each kidney, blood is transported to 1.2 million filtering units called nephrons (pronounced NEFF-rons). The cells in nephrons take in the liquid portion of the blood and filter out impurities (urea, mineral salts, and other toxins). Necessary substances such as certain salts, water, glucose (sugar), and other nutrients are returned to the blood stream via the renal vein. Words to Know Antidiuretic hormone: Chemical secreted by the pituitary gland that regulates the amount of water excreted by the kidneys. Hemodialysis: Process of separating wastes from the blood by passage through a semipermeable membrane. Nephron: Filtering unit of the kidney. Urea: Chemical compound of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen produced as waste by cells that break down protein. Ureter: Tube that carries urine from a kidney to the urinary bladder. Urethra: Duct leading from the urinary bladder to outside the body through which urine is eliminated. The waste-containing fluid that remains in the nephrons is called urine. Urine is 95 percent water, in which the waste products are dissolved. A pair of tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Each ureter is about 16 to 18 inches (40 to 45 centimeters) long. The bladder is a hollow muscular sac located in the pelvis that is collapsed when empty, but pear-shaped and distended when full. The bladder in an adult can hold more than 2 cups (0.6 liters) of urine. The bladder empties urine into the urethra, a duct leading to outside the body. In males, the urethra is about 8 inches (20 centimeters) long. In females, it is less than 2 inches (5 centimeters) long. A sphincter muscle around the urethra at the base of the bladder controls the flow of urine between the two. The volume of urine excreted is controlled by the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is released by the pituitary gland (a small gland lying at the base of the skull). If an individual perspires a lot or fails to drink enough water, special nerve cells in the hypothalamus (a region of the brain controlling body temperature, hunger, and thirst) detect the low water concentration in the blood. They then signal the pituitary gland to release ADH into the blood, where it travels to the kidneys. With ADH present, the kidneys reabsorb more water from the urine and return it to the blood. The volume of urine is thus reduced. On the other hand, if an individual takes in too much water, production of ADH decreases. The kidneys do not reabsorb as much water, and the volume of urine is increased. Alcohol inhibits ADH production and therefore increases the output of urine.' http://www.scienceclarified.com/El-Ex/Excretory-System.html
  • Alcohol is an inhibitor of ADH in the body. Which causes your loop of henle in the kidey's not to reuptake water as it would if ADH were secreted. So you pee out more of you water and sodium causing dehydration, low blood volume and low blood pressure if dehydration is severe enough.

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