• The type of vaccinations required to prevent diseases in dogs are often determined by several factors. Each dog should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and vaccination protocols should be thoroughly discussed by dog owners and veterinarians.


    Dog vaccines are often divided into two categories: core and non-core. Core vaccines are those that are recommended for all dogs in most cases, whereas non-core vaccines are given on a case-by-case basis.


    Rabies is a serious disease transmitted from a bite of an infected animal. This vaccination is a core vaccine mandated by law in most states.


    This combination vaccine may contain both core and non-core elements. Every dog should get it because it contains distemper, parvo and hepatitis, which are core vaccinations.

    Non-core Vaccines

    Non-core vaccines that should be discussed with your veterinarian are: Lyme, leptospirosis, bordetella, parainfluenza and coronavirus. Some may be already included in the distemper combination vaccine.


    Young puppies require a series of vaccinations starting generally at five weeks of age until they are about 16 weeks old. Pregnant dogs, unhealthy dogs and old dogs should not be vaccinated.

    Source: Vaccines and Vaccination Schedule for Puppies and Dogs Current Thoughts on Shots

    More Information: Vaccination Protocol Update

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