• A bladder infection, also known as cystitis, is an infection occurring in the bladder. It is most commonly caused by bacteria which enter through your urethra and progress into your bladder. If left untreated, the infection may spread to your kidneys. Knowing the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection is an important step to enabling early treatment.

    Common Urinary Signs

    When you have a bladder infection, the quality of your urine will change. Common signs of a bladder infection include cloudiness, a strong odor and blood in your urine.

    Common Additional Symptoms

    Additional symptoms may include increased urinary frequency, pain while urinating, low-grade fever and pain or pressure in the low to mid abdomen or back.

    Signs of Bladder Infection in the Elderly

    Elderly patients may exhibit limited symptoms when experiencing a bladder infection. An altered mental state or increased confusion may be the only signs of the infection in older patients.

    Signs of Progressing Infection

    Signs that the infection may be spreading to your kidneys include a fever higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit, pain in your side or groin, night sweats, feeling ill, fatigue, nausea, vomiting or severe stomach/back pain.

    Take Action

    If you notice any of the above signs or symptoms, contact your doctor to make an appointment. Your doctor will need to perform a urinalysis to identify the bacteria causing the infection and to determine the proper antibiotic to prescribe for your treatment.


    Plymouth State University: Bladder Infection

    Medline Plus: Bladder Infection

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