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  • When your blood pressure is measured your results are given in two categories. These numbers, typically written as a ratio, tell you how well your heart is pumping both while beating and at rest. These numbers can mean different things. For instance, a healthy rate is less than 120/80.

    Features

    The top number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart is beating or contracts. This number is called systolic. Diastolic is the bottom number and indicates pressure in your arteries when your heart is between beats.

    Types

    If your numbers are 120 to 139/80-89, you suffer from hypertension. Stage one hypertension numbers are 140 to 159/90 to 99. Stage two hypertension numbers are 160 or above/100 or above.

    Considerations

    High blood pressure is called a "silent killer" by the American Heart Association because it has no symptoms. So you're unaware that it's damaging your organs such as your heart and arteries.

    Meaning

    Over time, high blood pressure can lead to kidney damage, stroke, vision loss, fluid in your lungs and cardiovascular disease.

    Significance

    Treat hypertension with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet, and medication.

    Source:

    American Heart Association

    Cleveland Clinic

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